Why Polysiphonia is so called?

The genus Polysiphonia derives its name from the polysiphonous nature of its thallus. The central siphon is surrounded by 4–24 pericentral siphons. Polysiphonia is commonly found as an epiphyte on plants and lithophyte on rocks in brackish estuaries in the intertidal and sublittoral regions.

It produces a single non-motile diploid zarpospore. The mass of gonimoblast filaments and the placental cell form he carposporophyte. It is covered with sterile covering or pericarp. Pericarp forms the fruiting body or the cystocarp.

Additionally, what is Polysiphonia Cystocarp? Cystocarp. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A cystocarp is the fruiting structure produced in the red algae after fertilization, especially such a structure having a special protective envelope (as in Polysiphonia). The structure from which carpospores are released.

Regarding this, what is Trichoblast Polysiphonia?

The female sex organ of Polysiphonia is called as carpogonium. The carpogonium develops on trichoblast on female gametophytic plant. The trichoblast initial arises from a cell, 2-4 cells behind the apical cell. It develops into 5-7 celled female trichoblast.

What is the type of life cycle in Polysiphonia?

In life cycle of Polysiphonia two diploid phases carposprophyte and tetra sporophyte alternate with one haploid gametophytic phase. The life cycle of Polysiphonia can be called as triphasic diplobiontic with isomorphic alternation of generation (Figs.

What is a Carposporophyte?

In algae: Reproduction and life histories. …or pustulelike structure called a carposporophyte. The carposporophyte eventually produces and releases diploid carpospores that develop into tetrasporophytes. Certain cells of the tetrasporophyte undergo meiosis to produce tetraspores, and the cycle is repeated.

What is the fruiting body of a mushroom?

A mushroom, or toadstool, is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground, on soil, or on its food source.

What kingdom is Polysiphonia?

Plants

Where is Polysiphonia found?

Polysiphonia is commonly found as an epiphyte on plants and lithophyte on rocks in brackish estuaries in the intertidal and sublittoral regions. Most species prefer quiet waters whereas some are found in rough or even polluted waters.

Is Polysiphonia unicellular or multicellular?

Red algae (Polysiphonia) Red algae are mostly found in a marine environment. A number of species is unicellular, but most species are multicellular.

What is the fruiting body of a fungus?

The fruiting bodies of fungi contain spores, which are dispersed for reproduction. Mushrooms are a familiar example of a fruiting body. They are formed from hyphae, the tiny threads that make up the bulk of most fungi. A network of hyphae, known as a mycelium, extends in all directions through the soil.

What are the economic importance of algae?

Algae are economically important in a variety of ways. The natural substance can be used as a food source, a fodder, in fish farming, and as a fertilizer. It also plays a key role in alkaline reclaiming, can be used as a soil binding agent, and is used in a variety of commercial products.

Why is Chara known as Stonewort?

Stoneworts (Charales) is an order of macro-algae, nonvascular plants. As a group, these plants is known as Stoneworts because they may become encrusted with calcium carbonate making rough and stiffer than other submerged plants. The lime will produce an offensive odor when a plant is crushed.

What is the Cystocarp attached to?

As the spermatium and the egg in the carpogonium unite in syngamy, the diploid zygote develops within the base of the carpogonium (now called the cystocarp) attached to the haploid thallus. The cystocarp expands and matures into a carposporangium.

What is Chantransia stage?

Formation of chantransia stage: Carpospore separates from the filaments and secretes cell wall. It settles on suitable environment. Therefore, this stage of Batrachospermum is called Chantransia stage. It is juvenile stage.

What is Haplontic life cycle?

A zygotic meiosis is a meiosis of a zygote immediately after karyogamy, which is the fusion of two cell nuclei. This way, the organism ends its diploid phase and produces several haploid cells. The individuals or cells as a result of mitosis are haplonts, hence this life cycle is also called haplontic life cycle.

What is Haplobiontic life cycle?

Haplobiontic Life cycle in Algae. This is the life cycle in which the diploid phase is followed by two dissimilar haploid generations. In plants like Nemalion, Batrochospermum the gametophyte haploid plant produces the zygote during sexual fusion. This kind of life cycle is called haplobiontic type.

What is triphasic life cycle?

Here the life cycle is triphasic and involves an alternation of two diploid (2x) or sporophytic generations. i.e. carposporophyte and tetrasporophyte with one haploid (x) or gametophytic generation. Thus there are two diploid phases and one haploid phase.

Where is rhodophyta found?

Rhodophyta are aquatic organisms that exist in both freshwater and marine habitats, although mostly marine. They are found in tropical, temperate, and cold-water environments. Rhodophyta tend to live at greater depths of water than Charophyta and Chlorophyta.