What is the purpose of the Erechtheion?

The Erechtheion (or Erechtheum) is an ancient Greek temple constructed on the acropolis of Athens between 421 and 406 BCE in the Golden Age of the city in order to house the ancient wooden cult statue of Athena and generally glorify the great city at the height of its power and influence.

Construction on the marble temple began in 420 BCE and continued on until 406 BCE (Venieri, 2012). Beside its primary purpose as a temple, the Erechtheion was also used as a Christian basilica in 600 AD.

One may also ask, where is the Erechtheion located? Athens

Thereof, what do the caryatids represent?

Caryatids are sometimes called korai (“maidens”). Similar figures, bearing baskets on their heads, are called canephores (from kanēphoroi, “basket carriers”); they represent the maidens who carried sacred objects used at feasts of the gods. The male counterparts of caryatids are referred to as atlantes (see atlas).

What was the purpose of the Temple of Athena Nike?

The Temple of Athena Nike is the smallest structure on the Athenian Acropolis, but holds no less importance than its neighboring shrines. Built to honor Athena Nike, the goddess of victory, the site upon which the temple was constructed has ceremonial roots that date back to the Bronze Age.

How old is the Erechtheion?

2,440 c. 421 BC-406 BC

When was the statue of Athena stolen?

The cult statue, begun in 447 BCE and dedicated in 438 BCE, would remain the great city’s symbol for a thousand years until, in Late Antiquity, it disappeared from the historical record, possibly taken to Constantinople and there later destroyed.

What does Athena Nike mean?

The Temple of Athena Nike (Greek: Ναός Αθηνάς Νίκης, Naós Athinás Níkis) is a temple on the Acropolis of Athens, dedicated to the goddess Athena Nike. Nike means “victory” in Greek, and Athena was worshipped in this form, representative of being victorious in war.

How many caryatids were taken from Greece?

In 1978 the five caryatids were removed from the Erechtheion, and replaced with replicas, to save them from the pollution of Athens, and taken to the Acropolis Museum, where they remained on permanent display until they were taken to the New Acropolis Museum which opened in 2009.

What order is used in the Erechtheion?

the Ionic order

How tall are the caryatids?

The total height of the Caryatids with the base/wall is 3.67 meters.

What features are characteristics of early Greek sculptures?

What features are characteristic of early Greek sculptures? Bulging eyes, square chin, a mouth with slightly upturned corners, curious smile: greeks wanted their sculptures to look as real as possible.

Who built the Acropolis?

The Periclean building program Most of the major temples, including the Parthenon, were rebuilt by order of Pericles during the so-called Golden Age of Athens (460–430 BC). Phidias, an Athenian sculptor, and Ictinus and Callicrates, two famous architects, were responsible for the reconstruction.

Why is the Erechtheion important?

The Erechtheion was built as a replacement for the “Old Temple” (the foundations of which now lay between it and the Parthenon), and to house all the shrines and rituals that once took place there. During the Ottoman Empire the temple was converted to a harem and the north porch was walled up.

What is a male caryatid called?

Rossi . A Caryatid is a female figure used as an architectural support in place of a pillar. The male equivalent is an Atlantes, and these too are covered on this page – though the female is much the more common.

What does Erechtheion mean?

The Erechtheion (or Erechtheum) is an ancient Greek temple constructed on the acropolis of Athens between 421 and 406 BCE in the Golden Age of the city in order to house the ancient wooden cult statue of Athena and generally glorify the great city at the height of its power and influence.

What are the three Greek orders?

There are three distinct orders in Ancient Greek architecture: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. These three were adopted by the Romans, who modified their capitals. The Roman adoption of the Greek orders took place in the 1st century BC.

What is a round Greek temple typically called?

A pseudodipteros has engaged columns in the inner row of columns at the sides. Circular temples form a special type. If they are surrounded by a colonnade, they are known as peripteral tholoi.

What is the oldest surviving style of Greek art?

The art of ancient Greece is usually divided stylistically into four periods: the Geometric, Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic. The Geometric age is usually dated from about 1000 BC, although in reality little is known about art in Greece during the preceding 200 years, traditionally known as the Greek Dark Ages.