What is a rackett?

The rackett, cervelas, or Sausage Bassoon is a Renaissance-era double reed wind instrument, introduced late in the sixteenth century and already superseded by bassoons at the end of the seventeenth century. There are four sizes of rackett, in a family ranging from descant (soprano), tenor-alto, bass to great bass.

Description: A woodwind instrument of music, formerly in use, resembling either the clarinet or the hautboy in form. The body of the shawm was usually made from a single piece of wood ending in a flared bell like that of a trumpet.

Secondly, when was the Crumhorn invented? Though the renaissance crumhorn first appeared at the 15th century German court, the word Krummhorn was used in medieval Germany from c. 1300, indicating a probable predecessor and evolutionary line. The earlier Krummhorn had no wind cap, so players placed their lips directly on the reed.

Secondly, what does the serpent instrument sound like?

It is blown with a cup shaped mouthpiece which is very similar to that of a trombone or Euphonium/Baritone. Played softly, it has a firm yet mellow tone color, or timbre. At medium volume, it produces a robust sound which seems to be a cross between the tuba, the bassoon, and the French horn.

How does a lyre work?

lyre and a harp, is that in a harp, the strings enter directly into the hollow body of the instrument, whereas on a lyre, the strings pass over a bridge, which transmits the vibrations of the strings to the body of the instrument – just as on a modern guitar.

Why is it called a pan flute?

The Pan Flute is one of the oldest musical instruments. The name “Pan” came from Greek mythology. According to old stories from the Greek region “Arcadia”, the God Pan was the protector of pastoral people and their herds. Pan fell in love with a beautiful nymph called Syrinx.

What does a Shawm look like?

The shawm (/??ːm/) is a conical bore, double-reed woodwind instrument made in Europe from the 12th century to the present day. The body of the shawm is usually turned from a single piece of wood, and terminates in a flared bell somewhat like that of a trumpet.

What does a psaltery look like?

Psaltery, (from Greek psaltērion: “harp”), musical instrument having plucked strings of gut, horsehair, or metal stretched across a flat soundboard, often trapezoidal but also rectangular, triangular, or wing-shaped. The strings are open, none being stopped to produce different notes.

Who invented the Shawm?

A specimen of shawm was made by Johann Christoph Denner (1655-1707) of Nurenberg, who later invented the clarinet. His version didn’t catch on. The shawm was the leading double-reed instrument until the 18th century when the Baroque taste for more expressive playing made it somewhat obsolete, as it offered no dynamics.

How do you make reeds?

Making a reed by hand First, split a cane of common reed into four sections of equal length. Strip the bark at the center. Cut the long edges to produce a boat-like shape. Score the reed at the center and fold it into two, and make vertical incisions on the part of the cane where the bark remains.

What are lute strings made of?

Strings. Strings were historically made of animal gut, usually from the small intestine of sheep (sometimes in combination with metal) and are still made of gut or a synthetic substitute, with metal windings on the lower-pitched strings. Modern manufacturers make both gut and nylon strings, and both are in common use.

What type of instrument is a virginal?


What does a hurdy gurdy sound like?

Loosely related to the modern-day violin, the hurdy-gurdy has a nasally, bright sound, a buzzing timbre, and drone strings. It is played by turning a wheel with one hand and operating a keyboard with the other to change pitch.

Who invented the serpent instrument?

The instrument is claimed to have been invented by Canon Edmé Guillaume in 1590 in Auxerre, France, and was first used to strengthen the sound of choirs in plainchant.

What is the name of the largest brass instrument?


How old is the hurdy gurdy?

hurdygurdy history. A Short History of the Hurdy-Gurdy. The hurdy-gurdy is a fascinating instrument which dates back to medieval times, but which is today enjoying a popular revival in many countries, particularly France, both as a folk instrument and for the performance of medieval and 18th- century music.

How is serpent played?

Originally, the Serpent was held vertically (mouthpiece end up and bell end down), but by the late 1700s the fashion was to hold it more towards the horizontal (mouthpiece end to player’s left, bell end towards his right). The Serpent is easiest to play in tune when played gently.

What are medieval instruments?

Instruments, such as the vielle, harp, psaltery, flute, shawm, bagpipe, and drums were all used during the Middle Ages to accompany dances and singing. Trumpets and horns were used by nobility, and organs, both portative (movable) and positive (stationary), appeared in the larger churches.

What does a Crumhorn sound like?

Crumhorns make a strong buzzing sound, but quieter than their conical-bore relatives the rauschpfeife and shawm. They have a limited range, usually a ninth. Some modern instruments have their range extended upwards to an eleventh by two keys.